Specific Features of Socio-Psychological Adaptation of Schoolchildren with Different Gender Identities

Author(s)

Anastasia I. Korotaeva, Candidate of Sciences (Psychology), Associate Professor of the Department of Pedagogy and Psychology of Primary Education, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8647-9109, K. D. Ushinsky Yaroslavl State Pedagogical University

108/1 Respublikanskaya St, Yaroslavl, Russia, 150000, tel.: +7 (4852) 305661, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Mikhail Yu. Kuzmin, Candidate of Sciences (Psychology), Associate Professor of the Department of General Psychology, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7538-8375, Irkutsk State University

1 K. Marx St, Irkutsk, Russia,664003, tel.: +7 (3952) 243244, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract. Introduction. The paper focuses on the social and psychological adaptation of younger schoolchildren and adolescents with different gender identities. The study aims to investigate specific features of the socio-psychological adaptation of schoolchildren with various gender identities.

Materials and methods. The study involved 153 students (the 4th and 6th grades of a general education school, including girls and boys, single-sex and coeducational classes). A group of class teachers (6 subjects) was additionally involved. We used: Phillips school anxiety test, a scheme for observing the adaptation and effectiveness of students’ learning activities by E. M. Alexandrovskaya and St. Grombach, the questionnaire of A. I. Zakharov “Identification of the child with the parents.” The obtained data were processed using the Spearman correlation coefficient, Pearson χ2 test, and Mann-Whitney U-test.

Results. The findings indicate that at various ages, the subjects with different gender identities will have their conditions for more successful socio-psychological adaptation. The study has revealed the differences in the relationships between gender identity and socio-psychological adaptation, and the characteristics of younger schoolchildren and adolescents studying in single-sex and coeducational classes.

Conclusion. The results of the study can be used to design individual educational routes in secondary schools.

Keywords: socio-psychological adaptation, gender identity, primary school children and teenagers.

For citation: Korotaeva A. I., Kuzmin M. Yu. Specific Features of Socio-Psychological Adaptation of Schoolchildren with Different Gender Identities. Pedagogicheskiy IMIDZH = Pedagogical IMAGE. 2020; 14(4): 729–742.

DOI: 10.32343/2409-5052-2020-14-4-729-742

UDС: 159.923.2

DOI: 10.32343/2409-5052-2020-14-4-729-742

 

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